One of the most common eye diseases is cataracts. The most common form is what we call “senile cataract”, which manifests itself in the context of the normal aging of the body and mainly affects the elderly. However, it can also be caused by diseases, systemic or ocular, from medication or from injuries (post-traumatic cataract), while it rarely exists congenitally (congenital cataract).
Cataract is the clouding of the crystalline lens of the eye. The crystalline lens, which is located behind the iris (the colored part of the eye), is normally clear. Light passes through it to reach the retina, the posterior surface of the eye. With age this lens loses its original texture and begins to blur. As a result, light does not enter the bulb at full intensity and vision is gradually reduced. Depending on the degree of blurring, the rate of development and the point of the lens at which this blurring occurs depends on the speed at which the cataract will develop.
The ONLY symptom that cataracts have is the gradual reduction of vision. Pain, foreign body sensation, redness, tearing are NOT symptoms due to cataracts.
Cataract removal technique
- The most common technique is that of phacoemulsification. During surgery the dull lens is removed and replaced with a clear, artificial intraocular lens (IOL).
- Femtosecond Laser – LenSx
- State-of-the-art machine for surgical removal of cataracts.