Glaucoma is a disease of the eye, which due to the blockage of the flow of aqueous fluid produced by the radial body, increases the intraocular pressure and destroys the ganglion cells of the retina. If the intraocular pressure remains high, untreated, then vision is at risk of damage. Ganglion cells help the optic nerve to transmit information. The general symptoms of glaucoma are photosensitivity, tearing, clouding of the cornea, pain, dilation of the eyes and spasms of the eyelids. Children should be operated on immediately if they have glaucoma.
Glaucoma is actually a set of diseases that cause damage to the optic nerve. This damage occurs as a result of the increased pressure caused by the fluids inside the eye. This increased pressure is caused by an excess of fluid inside the eye.
The result is the gradual loss of vision. It is possible to maintain the patient’s vision in case of glaucoma, if it is diagnosed and treated in time. This disease unfortunately starts without obvious symptoms. This is why a person with glaucoma usually does not know their condition until they have already experienced severe vision loss. About 50% of those who have glaucoma do not know it. The damage caused by glaucoma is irreversible.
Glaucoma can be treated with:
- Anti-glaucoma eye drops
- Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty
- Surgery – Trabeculectomy